The main purpose that linguistics, at all levels, is the deploy the checking of the relationship between the general meaning of a verbal sign and its context in the current era. This is so since “context dependence” is the main characteristic of the different languages, and is antecedent to creativity.
Possible differences between the formalized languages (independent of the context), and different natural languages (context-dependent), are a very important element within the field of research in comparative semantics.
Therefore, the use of the criterion of “contextual dependence” offers a new path for a linguistic interpretation of extensive experience in traditional rhetoric, with all its doctrine of figures and tropes (replacement of an expression or phrase by another whose meaning is included).
Under the umbrella of the verbal semantics, many fields which, to date, were ignored by the methodology and linguistic theory, began to offer a rich and fruitful results in the work of the analysis of language and language in all its varieties. For example, we are talking about areas such as translation, paraphrase, the multilingualism, meta-language, bilingualism, and the distinctions.
The study of lexicon and semantics of grammar, still in our days, can benefit from the great legacy left by one of the most ingenious and important linguists: Sánchez de las Brozas. One of his works, entitled Minerva: seu de causis linguae lati-nae, of 1562 and 1587, already studied and analyzed the problems of dialectical linguistics.
What is the relationship between signs and their meaning?
It is evident that the verbal signs in particular, and other signs in general, should not be treated without its significance in mind at all times. Therefore, the study of the different types of meanings and their interrelations, and their significance, which is called commonly semantics, i.e. is the main component of Linguistics, science of verbal signs, and the science of all possible signs, semiotics.
Since ancient times, language and verbal signs researchers observed the essence of its structure in the relationship between the signatum and the signans, to use the translation of St. Augustine in the Greek terms introduced by the Stoics (signifié and signifiant and the translation in French of Ferdinand de Saussure). Signans means the perceptible and signatum intelligible, translatable signam (sign) appearance.
The science of language, in all its aspects, necessarily need semantics. Or what is the same, if the linguistic meaning, forget wouldn’t make any sense, she would lose it.
For example, the poetry is based on the verbal sign as such. This important characteristic of poetry focuses on meaning, sound, and their interrelation. Semantics is a fundamental constituent of poetry and, therefore, of poetry, which is not anything other than his scientific analysis.
Any variant of Linguistics focuses on finding constants in relation to existing variables. All applications of this principle mainly deal with the semantic value of the verbal signs, either that is the range of such signs in the system of the language.
It is for this reason and not another, that semantic observation should be carefully understood in regard to components phonemic, morphemes, words, phrases, segmentation of speech and syntactic structures. The main difference between the meanings of lexical and grammatical has to undergo a profound development in Linguistics.